Selection of Languages
The LMP bibliography covers teaching materials for 151 languages that are less commonly taught in the United States. The languages were selected for their political and geographical significance as well as practical concerns such as availability of current teaching materials. French, Spanish, and German are not included in the bibliography since they are the languages most commonly taught in the US. The bibliography covers only living spoken languages. Thus languages such as Latin, Ancient Greek, Biblical Hebrew, and American Sign Language are not included.
Some languages have more than one name in English. Most LMP language names conform to the MARC standards, which are based on Library of Congress Subject Headings. Click here for a list of the LMP language names that do not conform to the MARC standards. To find alternate names, we recommend you consult the SIL Ethnologue online database or the MARC Code List for Languages.
Selection of Materials
The LMP bibliography is intended for an American audience of language teachers and learners. We strive to include materials that will be useful either directly in the classroom or as tools for the instructors to help them create their own materials and presentations.
Though most of our materials are for a specific language, we also include works on general language pedagogy, especially those that focus on teaching Less Commonly Taught Languages. You can find these items by selecting the ‘Language’ search menu and choosing ‘General Pedagogy’ near the top of the list. This category covers materials that offer practical guidance to language instructors, rather than theoretical works on language acquisition.
We cover materials published after 1950 to make sure our materials reflect the modern language as spoken today. We prefer materials with at least some English so they will be useful to students with little knowledge of other languages. In cases where we cannot find enough materials for a language, we will include materials published prior to 1950 or materials written in a lingua franca of the region where the target language is a minority language, for example Yakut in Russia, Uighur in China, and Quechua in South America. In those cases we have included materials written in Russian, Mandarin, and Spanish.
We cover only materials that are available to the American public, though some may have gone out of print after we cited them. Our citations give the publisher's address whenever we can find it so you can contact the publisher yourself. Even if a book is out of print, publishers may have copies in a warehouse. Many of the books in the LMP bibliography are available through the Interlibrary Loan system. Most university libraries, and even public libraries, are on the Interlibrary Loan network, and your local library can request a copy of a book they do not own from another library, free of charge. You can also check internet retailers, which sometimes offer used copies of out of print books.
An increasing number of excellent teaching materials are distributed directly on the World Wide Web. Our bibliography covers those materials as well.
Searching the Bibliography
Use the pull-down menus at the top of the screen to formulate your search. You can search for materials quite simply by selecting a Language. For a more detailed search, you may also select the kind of Material, Level, and Audience.
In the Material menu, you can specify web courses, textbooks, grammars, dictionaries, readers, phrasebooks, etc. Under the category 'supplementary materials', we include workbooks, teacher's manuals, games, flashcards, and more. Under ‘reference’ you can find such items as bibliographies and language surveys.
In the Level menu, you can specify the proficiency level of the intended learners. We follow the publisher's recommended level for each material.
In the Audience menu, you can specify materials intended for primary, secondary, post-secondary, or heritage learners. For this too we adhere to the publisher's audience recommendation. ‘Primary’ materials include children's picture dictionaries, children's bilingual storybooks, and traditional teaching materials. ‘Heritage’ materials are those meant for learners who grew up speaking the target language at home, but have had little formal education in that language.
Can't Find What You're Looking For?
Because the LMP bibliography covers Less Commonly Taught Languages, there may not be many materials for a particular language. If you can't find the exact kind of material you are looking for, be creative and widen your search to include materials you can adapt for your audience. Adult and college-level learners often enjoy children's picture dictionaries, and the material for students at the beginning level will usually not be too easy for them. Readers for more advanced learners can be glossed for use with an intermediate class. Exercises in a beginning textbook can be changed with new vocabulary to suit a more advanced class. Also consider using the free lesson plans in our K-12 Gateway to create your own course materials.
Please click on the name of a language below to see an automatically-generated summary of the categories of print materials currently in the LMP bibliography for that language. The summary includes only printed materials, not items distributed digitally.